Past Commission A1 Astrometry for 2015-2018

Parent Division: A

The Commission A1 'Astrometry' coordinates research related to the celestial coordinate system (definition, realization, and maintenance) as well as positions, proper motions and parallaxes (distances) of celestial objects. It is also involved in the accurate determination of distances which is one of the most fundamental and important tasks of astrometry, forming the basis for astrophysical science.

Moreover the Commission A1 coordinates ground and space-based observing astrometric programs, and promotes education in astrometry. It spans a vast range of objects from the Earth-Moon system to quasars at cosmological distances, as well as a large range of techniques with the common goal of enhancing our understanding of motions of celestial objects and their measurement in coordinate systems.

Over the coming years Commission A1 will focus on supporting the following particularly important activities:

  • The construction of the ICRF3, the next version of the radio VLBI-based reference frame, which is the realization of the celestial coordinate system.
  • The ESA Gaia space mission, launched in Dec 2013, which will provide the next generation optical celestial reference frame. In particular Commission A1 will support the coordination of research to provide a solid link of this last frame to the ICRF3
  • The support of space and ground-based programs at various wavelengths, like LSST and others to densify the celestial coordinate system toward fainter magnitudes (fluxes). An important task will be to observe motions of targets fainter than those included in the primary frames (ICRF3, Gaia) or to observe any celestial object at various epochs.

President

Anthony G.A. Brown

Vice-President

Jean Souchay

Secretary

Dafydd Wyn Evans

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